Transgender Europe: IDAHOT TMM Press Release: May 8th 2015

Alarming figures: over 1,700 trans people killed in the last 7 years

Transgender  Europe’s  Trans  Murder  Monitoring  (TMM)  project  launches  an  update  for  The  International  Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia (IDAHOT) 2015 so as to assist activists worldwide in raising public awareness of hate violence against trans and gender-diverse people.

The TMM IDAHOT 2015 update reports a total of 1,731 cases of reported killings of trans and gender-diverse people from January 1st 2008 to December 31st 2014.

While  the actual circumstances of the killings often remain unknown due to a lack of investigation and reports, many of the cases documented involve  an  extreme degree of aggression, including torture and mutilation.  Many cases are not investigated properly by the authorities and many have hardly received any public attention at all.  The  highest absolute numbers  have  been  found  in  countries  where  strong  trans  and  gender-diverse  people’s  movements  and/or  LGBT organisations do professional monitoring. This correlation points to the unknown number of unreported cases.

The TMM IDAHOT 2015 update reports killings of trans and gender-diverse people between January 2008 and December 2014 in all world regions:  1,356  killings  in  23  countries in  Central  and South America,  155  killings  in  16  Asian countries;  112  killings  in  North  America;  94  killings  in  14  European countries;  9  killings  have been reported in  4 African countries; and 5 killings in 4 countries in Oceania.

While  Brazil  (689),  Mexico  (194)  and the  USA  (108)  have the highest absolute numbers, accounting for  57%  of all reported cases worldwide  in the last seven years, the relative numbers show even more worrisome results for some countries with a smaller population.  Honduras,  for instance,  has  a rate of  9.32  reported trans killings per million inhabitants, the Dominican Republic a rate of 3.27 and Uruguay a rate of 2.94, while for Brazil the rate is 3.44, for Mexico it is 1.59 and for the USA it is 0.34.

Our analysis shows the worrisome result of a significant increase in reported murders of trans children and young trans people in recent years”, explains Transgender Europe’s Senior Researcher Carsten Balzer. “ In the last seven years, 131 trans and gender-diverse persons under 20 years of age have been reported murdered, accounting for 12% of all reported murders where the age was known. Forty-eight of these 131 victims were under 18. An extremely distressing tendency is the fact that in the last two years five trans people under 14 have been reported murdered”.

Among the 10 murdered minors in 2014 were an 8-year-old trans girl, who was beaten to death on February 18th 2014 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by her father, who wanted to teach her to behave like a man, and 14-year-old Vanessa who – after receiving death threats – fled to her grandmother’s house in Angelica, Brazil, where she was found strangled on March 10th 2014. The largest group of murdered trans and gender-diverse people whose age is known is between 20 and 29 years of age, and it accounts for 44% of the total. This means that more than half of all the reported victims with a known age, i.e. 56%, were under 30 when they were murdered.

Furthermore the  analysis of the TMM data shows that 65% of all murdered trans and gender-diverse people whose profession was known were  sex workers. Of those reported victims where the cause of death is known,  44% were shot to death, 23% were stabbed to death and 13% were beaten to death. Of those victims where the location of death has been reported, 38% were murdered in the street and 24% were murdered in their homes.

More detailed information and analysis including maps and tables can also be found on the TvT website:

In 2012, Transgender Europe published “TRANSRESPECT VERSUS TRANSPHOBIA WORLDWIDE – A Comparative Review  of  the  Human-rights  Situation  of  Gender-variant/Trans  People”,  which  contextualises  the  TMM  data: