TMM Update • Trans Day of Remembrance 2022
327 trans and gender-diverse people reported murdered in the past year
8 November 2022 – On occasion of the International Trans Day of Remembrance (TDoR),1 TGEU is releasing the 2022 update of Trans Murder Monitoring (TMM).2
The year 2022 saw 327 reported murders of trans and gender-diverse people between 1 October 2021 and 30 September 2022. With 222 cases, Latin America and the Caribbean remains the region that reported most of the murders.
Cases from Estonia and Switzerland were reported for the first time this year. The victims were migrant Black trans women – Sabrina Houston from Jamaica and Cristina Blackstar from Brazil. They were both stabbed to death in their own residences.
TMM 2022 data shows that:
- 327 trans and gender-diverse people were reported murdered;
- Cases from Estonia and Switzerland were reported for the first time – both victims were migrant Black trans women;
- 95% of those murdered globally were trans women or trans feminine people;
- Half of murdered trans people whose occupation is known were sex workers;
- Of the cases with data on race and ethnicity, racialised trans people3 make up 65% of the reported murders;
- 36% of the trans people reported murdered in Europe were migrants;
- 68% of all the murders registered happened in Latin America and the Caribbean; 29% of the total happening in Brazil;
- 35% of the murders took place on the street and 27% in their own residence;
- Most of the victims who were murdered were between 31 and 40 years old.
The data continues to indicate a worrying global trend when it comes to the intersections of misogyny, racism, xenophobia, and whorephobia, with most victims being Black and migrant trans women of colour, and trans sex workers. The high number of murder reports from Latin America and the Caribbean can be considerably attributed to the existence of established monitoring systems, and must be understood in the specific social, political, economic, and historical contexts in which they occur.4
These numbers are just a small glimpse into the reality on the ground. The majority of the data came from countries with a strong network of trans and LGBTIQ organisations that conduct the monitoring.5 Most cases continue to go unreported and, when reported, receive very little attention.
- Table Oct 2021 – Sep 2022 (pdf)
- Namelist Oct 2021 – Sep 2022 (pdf)
- Namelist Oct 2021 – Sep 2022 (xlsx)
Media contact: Lukas Berredo, Senior Communications Officer
1 Since 1999 the Trans Day of Remembrance (TDoR) takes place every November. It is a day on which trans and gender-diverse people victims of homicide are remembered. Started in the US, TDoR is now held around the world.
2 The Trans Murder Monitoring (TMM) research project systematically monitors, collects, and analyses reports of homicides of trans and gender-diverse people worldwide. Updates of the results are published on the TvT website: http://transrespect.org/en/trans-murder-monitoring/tmm-resources
3 Like Equinox, we use the term “racialised people” to refer to those that have been negatively racialised or racialised as “other”.
4 Further analysis can be found on Carsten Balzer/Carla LaGata and Lukas Berredo (2016) TMM Annual Report 2016: 2,190 murders are only the tip of the iceberg – An introduction to the Trans Murder Monitoring project.
5 This year’s collection was possible thanks to Anna-Jayne Metcalfe (tdor.translivesmatter.info), TGEU members, Rede Trans Brasil’s Observatório Trans, and Centro de Apoyo a las Identidades Trans.