Trans Murder Monitoring
The Trans Murder Monitoring (TMM) project systematically monitors, collects and analyses reports of homicides of trans and gender-diverse people worldwide.
The Trans Murder Monitoring (TMM) project started in April 2009 as a cooperation between Transgender Europe (TGEU) and the academic online magazine Liminalis – A Journal for Sex/Gender Emancipation and Resistance. With the involvement of the editorial team of Liminalis, TMM became a pilot project of Transgender Europe’s “Transrespect versus Transphobia Worldwide” research project in September 2009.
While the preliminary results were published in July 2009 on the TGEU-website and in the 2009 issue of Liminalis and an update of these results was presented on the TGEU-website on the International Day of Trans Remembrance in November 2009, since 2010 further updates of the results are being published on the TvT website two to three times a year.
When using the data presented by the Trans Murder Monitoring project, please note that the data presented is not comprehensive, for the reasons outlined below, and can only provide a glimpse into a reality which is undoubtedly much worse than the numbers suggest:
1. The collected data show only those cases which have been reported. There is no data and no estimates available for unreported cases.
2. The data presented here does not include all reported cases worldwide, but only those which can be found on the Internet, along with those murders that reported to us by local activists or our partner organizations.
3. Due to the dozens of languages used in the Internet, the variety of terms used to denote trans and gender-diverse people, and the myriad numbers of web pages to search through, it is simply not possible to find all reports shown on the Internet.
4. Finding reports of murdered trans and gender-diverse persons in particular is also problematic, as not all trans and gender-diverse people who are murdered are identified as trans or gender-diverse.
Please also note that the Trans Murder Monitoring project reports all kinds of homicides of trans and gender-diverse people. The classification of the murder of a trans/gender-diverse person as a hate crime is often difficult, due to a lack of information in the reports as well as the lack of national monitoring systems. Although the brutal violence and other circumstances in reported cases suggest that quite a lot of them — even most or almost all cases — are transphobic hate crimes (according to the TvT research project’s classification) or crimes related to specific situations that trans and gender-diverse people have to face in some countries (e.g., being forced to do sex work to earn one’s living due to discrimination in employment), they are classified simply as reports of murdered trans and gender-diverse persons.
The results of the Trans Murder Monitoring project can be found in the TMM section of the TvT databank (Link to TMM databank section) as well as in the resources section (Link to TMM resources in Resources section) in which they are presented in form of reports, name lists, tables, and maps.
If you wish to refer to this section, please use the following citation format: TvT research project (2015) Trans Murder Monitoring, “Transrespect versus Transphobia Worldwide” (TvT) project website: http://transrespect.org/en/research/trans-murder-monitoring/
Transgender Europe: Press Release: November the 19th of 2010 Transgender Europe’s Trans Murder Monitoring project reveals almost 180 killings of trans people in the last 12 months. In total, since ...
Transgender Europe: Press Release: November 18th 2009 Transgender Europe’s Trans Murder Monitoring Project reveals more than 160 murders of trans people in the last 12 months. The 11th International Transgender ...